Age Specific Assessment

Please review the Age Specific Assessment material below. When you have finished, click the Age Specific Assessment Test. A printer friendly copy of this material is linked at the bottom of the page.

  • Physical Development – rapid
  • Mental Development – sensory learning
  • Infants and toddlers (birth to age 3)
  • Social Development – trust & dependency
  • Key Issues: safety, communication, immunizations, nutrition, sleep

Young Children (4-6 years)

  • Physical Development – slower with improved motor skills, toilet trained
  • Mental Development – vivid imagination & improved memory
  • Social Development – identified with parents & is sensitive to feelings
  • Key Issues: praise, immunizations, nutrition, safety promotion

Older Children (7-12 years)

  • Physical Development – slower until puberty induced growth spurt
  • Mental Development – reveals cause and effect understanding, literate
  • Social Development – reveals sense of self & peer interactions is a priority
  • Key Issues: promote competence, advice regarding social issues such as smoking or drinking

Adolescent (13-20 years)

  • Physical Development – maturing and reproduction is possible
  • Mental Development – reveals abstract thought process & values
  • Social Development – reveals a personal identity & challenges authority
  • Key Issues: advice regarding substance use or abuse, safe driving, violence.

Young Adult (21-39 years)

  • Physical Development – mature
  • Mental Development – focuses on acquiring new skills & issue resolution
  • Social Development – focuses on career, lifestyle, relationships, & family
  • Key Issues: communication, healthy lifestyle with risk identification, safety

Middle Adult (40-64 years)

  • Physical Development – mature with signs of aging
  • Mental Development – focuses on using life lessons for issue resolution
  • Social Development – focuses on family, society, & productivity
  • Key Issues: hopeful communication, regular exams, age changes

Older Adult (65-79 years)

  • Physical Development – status declines with decreased senses
  • Mental Development – active thoughts with declined memory
  • Social Development – related to new roles and review of life
  • Key Issues: respectful communication, health monitoring, prevention of falls

Adult > 80 years

  • Physical Development – declines with major health risks
  • Mental Development – declines & confusion is usually related to a health issue
  • Social Development – regarding personal loss & attempts for independence
  • Key Issues: stay positive, reduce stress, ensure nutrition, prevent injury